- Soner Cagaptay
Policy Analysis on Turkey
Operations Euphrates Shield and Olive Branch
After Turkey’s July 2016 failed military uprising, the leadership initiated purges and reforms aimed at ensuring the military’s future loyalty, but raising questions about the operational efficiency and effectiveness of the newly configured Turkish Armed Forces. Two subsequent cross-border operations into northern Syria provide valuable insight: Operation Euphrates Shield, lasting
Mar 26, 2019◆
- Metin Gurcan
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