The Syrian government's fluid relationships with terrorist groups such as Hizballah and Hamas have been further complicated by the ongoing popular uprising against Bashar al-Assad. This article dissects several of these key relationships, documenting how they evolved before and during the uprising and forecasting how they might change upon Assad's ouster. The status of antiregime jihadist elements is also explored, along with broader opposition trends that risk pushing Syria further down the path of civil war.
This article originally appeared in “State Sponsorship of Terrorism”, a publication of IHS Defense, Risk and Security Consulting, in June 2012. Reproduced with permission © IHS (Global) Limited. All rights reserved.