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Turkey's Complicated Relationship with the Middle East, Explained by One Word

Soner Cagaptay and Nick Danforth

Also available in العربية

Washington Post

September 2, 2017

The Eid holiday highlights Turkey's almost complete lack of allies in the Middle East.

This weekend is Eid al-Adha, the Muslim holiday that marks the end of the hajj pilgrimage season. To nearly all Muslims, it's known simply as Eid. But to Turks and their kin in other nations, it's called Bayram. The dividing line between the two names offers unexpected insight into how Turkey's bid for influence in the Muslim world has played out: between one region where it has successfully built on cultural ties to expand its soft power -- and another, the Middle East, where it has tried and failed to expand its hard power...

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