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Erdogan’s ‘Mini Empire’ in Libya and Syria

Soner Cagaptay

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February 2020

A deep dive into the evolution of Turkey’s Middle East policy and the mixed results it has had in two Russian-fueled conflict zones.

Recent clashes between Turkish and Turkish-backed Syrian forces and the Assad regime in Syria’s Idlib province have brought to question the viability of President Recep Tayyip Erdogan’s regional pacts with Russian leader Vladimir Putin. While the latter is focused on consolidating Assad’s control across Syria, he also wants to get along with Erdogan, and Erdogan with him. His rapport with Putin notwithstanding, Erdogan has significant challenges at home, where the Turkish economy is slowing down, and overseas, where Turkey’s military is over-stretched, from Syria to Libya. This is not what Erdogan expected when he launched an ambitious foreign policy agenda earlier in the 2010s...

To read the full article, download the PDF above or visit the Moshe Dayan Center website.