- Policy Analysis
- Articles & Op-Eds
The Treacherous Triangle of Syria, Iran, and Russia
Also published in Middle East Quarterly
If the Assad regime's two main allies emerge victorious in Syria and Ukraine, U.S. adversaries will likely conclude that the pros of challenging Washington ultimately outweigh the negatives.
The Syrian civil war ushered in a new era in Moscow and Tehran's relations with Damascus as both states used their military intervention in the conflict to deepen their Syrian entrenchment. And while the Ukraine invasion has made Moscow dependent on Tehran's military support, rather than lead to any disengagement from Syria, this strategic reconfiguration has intensified the Iranian-Russian security collaboration in general and in Syria in particular. This is bound to have far-reaching implications not only for the decade-long Israeli-Iranian "quiet war" in Syria, but for the entire Middle East...
To read the full article, download the PDF above or visit the Middle East Forum website.