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Fikra Forum

Fikra Forum

خلق الحوار. التأثير على السياسة.

Generating Dialogue. Impacting Policy.

Sunnis and Shia in Bahrain: New Survey Shows Both Conflict and Consensus

David Pollock

The small but very strategic island nation of Bahrain has witnessed a great deal of sectarian tension throughout much of the past decade: a Sunni-dominated monarchy and elite, often in opposition to the Shia majority of the population.The true nature and extent of this cleavage have long been shrouded in mystery and mutual polemics. But now a rare new public opinion poll, probably the only one ever to quantify these sectarian differences objectively, sheds some unaccustomed light on this obscure yet important issue.

Fikra Forum

Saudi Arabia May Have Just Gifted Lebanon to Iran

Hassan Mneimneh

By now, there can be no reasonable doubt that Lebanese Prime Minister Saad Hariri was detained in Saudi Arabia, and that he was forced to submit his resignation through a televised statement on a Saudi-funded network. Irrespective of where the new Saudi leadership intended this action to fall, it is likely to end up as another gift to Iran, which has already leveraged the ill-conceived Saudi war in Yemen and the unnecessary Saudi confrontation with Qatar.

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Reflections on the Radicalization of Young Moroccans

Mohamed Chtatou

Following the attacks in Barcelona and Cambrils, the magazine Jeune Afrique devoted the cover of its August 27, 2017 paper edition to the involvement of Moroccans in acts of terrorism, with the title: "Terrorism: Born in Morocco." This provoked a great deal of criticism and anger in Morocco.

Iranian Military Doctrine

Firas Elias

A military doctrine is "the system of concepts officially adopted by a country and the arrangements taken to fight against threats and ensure security, as well as to prevent wars and armed conflicts.” It is also "the system of advanced visions of military formation and preparation of the country, armed forces and other teams to defend the homeland.” It includes guidance on preparing for and managing an armed or unarmed conflict in order to defend a country. In essence, military doctrine is a declaration of the state's policy on defense.

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Hezbollah and Iran in Syria

Mounir al-Rabih

The sudden and surprising resignation of Lebanese prime minister Saad Hariri over the weekend, blaming Iranian interference in his country, compels us to consider this tragic dilemma.