This week, the German Marshall Fund published Energy Discoveries in the Eastern Mediterranean: Source for Cooperation or Fuel for Tension? The Case of Israel, a new report by Washington Institute senior fellow Simon Henderson. Focusing on the challenge of exploiting newly found natural gas reserves off the coasts of Israel and Cyprus, he discusses how these resources could change the economic fortunes of various states in the region. In particular, he assesses Israel's dilemma of how to export surplus gas, given that each available option -- converting it to liquefied natural gas, transporting it via pipeline, or using it to generate electricity for export via undersea cable -- comes with political obstacles.
As part of his research, Henderson visited Israel, Brussels, and Qatar, the world's largest LNG exporter. The German Marshall report follows a series of Washington Institute articles he has written on the subject since Israel's offshore "Leviathan" field was discovered in 2010, all part of a long career covering energy developments in the Middle East.