Ideas. Action. Impact. The Washington Institute for Near East Policy The Washington Institute: Improving the Quality of U.S. Middle East Policy

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Policy Analysis

TWI Series on State(s) of Ideology

Jacob Olidort, Soner Cagaptay, David Pollock, and Said Amir Arjomand

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Winter 2016


Explore the roles of Salafism, jihadism, nationalism, and other movements as drivers of conflict and alliance post-Arab Spring.

The State(s) of Ideology in the Middle East: Introduction

Jacob Olidort
Western policy must be precise and consistent in its use of terms, objectives, and methods in order to account for differing local perceptions.

The State(s) of Ideology in Iran

Said Amir Arjomand
Iranian policymakers understand the failure of their effort to export the Islamic Revolution, and acknowledge the more feasible path to hegemony offered by geopolitics.

Polls Show Most Muslims Reject Both Extremism and Islamic Reform

David Pollock
In places like Jordan, even minimal support for the Islamic State fell over a one-year period, and a similar downward trend may be occurring elsewhere.

IS and Russia Could Exploit Turkey's Political Divisions

Soner Cagaptay
Unfortunate civil unrest could emerge if the jihadist group continues targeting anti-government Turks and Moscow keeps its sights set on Erdogan and his party.