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Research Notes 34

Michael Eisenstadt

July 2016

Cyber is emerging as Iran's weapon of choice for dealing with domestic opponents and foreign adversaries. Accordingly, Washington needs to better understand the dynamics governing cyber deterrence and escalation vis-à-vis the Islamic Republic. In this Research Note, military expert Michael Eisenstadt explains why Tehran has come to rely increasingly on cyber in its interactions with foreign adversaries: It offers options not provided by the other legs of its deterrent/warfighting triad, and with far fewer risks. Cyber...

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