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Dr. Raymon Al-Maaloli

In the decades before 2011, Syria’s Baath Party flag, which controlled “society and state," and images of the president and “Leader” dominated all public platforms: the corridors of the state’s institutions and agencies, public squares, and even non-governmental institutions. This branding was most visible in educational institutions – it covered universities, schools and student organizations. The Baath flag and pictures of the president appeared on educational documents from textbook covers to official records. Similarly,...

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